Obviously a good part of his life, Socrates spent roaming the squares and markets of Athens and took merchants, the peasants or artisans as examiners with whom he held long discussions, this behavior related to the essence of his teaching practice. “Mayéutica.” Socrates compared this method with the job of a midwife who exercised his mother: Socrates tried to take the interviewer to the birth of the truth, to the development of his own truths.
The Mayéutica was his greatest merit, an inductive approach that enabled him to lead his several students to the resolution of the difficulties that were posted by means of skillful questions whose logic illuminated the understanding.
JUDGMENT AND DEATH OF SOCRATES
In the year 399 BC Socrates was accused of introducing some new gods and contaminating the morals of the youth, away from the postulates of Athenian democracy at that time.
According to Xenophon, the primary underlying cause to bring philosopher Socrates to trial was that he presented his doors as a disciple critias (dialogue), who integrated the Spartan political-military body called the thirty (30) tyrants, who took on power from Athens following the war of Peloponnese, exposing the police to a gruesome slaughter and commercial emptying, for a year’s time.
It is further mentioned that Socrates asked jokingly that he could just be condemned: “inviting him to eat at the communal banquets,” also alluding to the fact that these were just deplorable. This provoked the jury and repeatedly voted for the death penalty. His friends proposed that he pay the bail, and even planned his escape from the prison, but he favored to abide by the Law dying for it.
Socrates was tried, convicted and killed by poisoning by hemlock in 399 BC in Athens (Ancient Greece), at the age of 70 years.
Later, in his honor as a recognition, the Modern Academy of Athens, placed a statue of him at the entrance of the Institution.
PHRASES AND FAMOUS QUOTES OF SOCRATES
- The friend must be Just like money, that before you want it, you know the value it has.
- Youthful people today are dictators. They devour their food, contradict their parents, and also disrespect their very teachers.
- The true knowledge is in recognizing one’s ignorance.
- I only know that I do not know anything.
- Speak so that I know you.
- The mean souls are only allowed to conquer with presents.
- Pride engenders the tyrant. Pride, when uselessly has accumulated recklessness and excesses, rising above the highest pinnacle, plunges into an abyss of evils, from which there is no possibility of leaving.